The Condolence Cane is a pictographic record of the fifty hereditary chief titles which were given at the time of the forming of the League of Five Nations.These titles live forever and each time a new chief is installed he takes on the title of the chief that has died.
Condolence canes always have an Eagle on top. This signifies that the Eagle sits atop the Great White Pine and gives a loud screech to warn the Confederacy of any approaching danger. The cane pictured here shows a hand carved top made of cherry wood. Ken also makes the Eagles carved from antler and the bent handles commonly seen on most of the older style Condolence canes.
MOHAWK Mohawk nation has nine chiefs:
1) Between two worlds - Turtle Clan 2) He combs his hair - Turtle Clan 3) Words of equal height - Turtle Clan 4) Tree branches out - Wolf Clan 5) Our life sustainers - Wolf Clan 6) The principle eagle - Wolf Clan 7) His Horns are dragging - Bear Clan 8) He puts on rattles - Bear Clan 9) Big branch - Bear Clan
ONEIDA Oneida Nation has nine Chiefs:
10) He carries a fawn - Wolf Clan 11) Standing ear of corn - Wolf Clan 12) Valley - Wolf Clan 13) His house is long - Turtle Clan 14) His voice appears - Turtle Clan 15) He swallows the body - Turtle Clan 16) His ears are ready to hear - Bear Clan 17) He speaks slow - Bear Clan 18) He's got him in the clouds - Bear Clan
ONONDAGA Onondaga nation has fourteen Chiefs:
19) He's tangled up - Bear Clan 20) Along the river bank - Beaver Clan 21) He looks at something closely - Beaver Clan 22) He has a sour throat - Snipe Clan 23) Close to the edge - Turtle Clan 24) Split body - Turtle Clan 25) He buries evil - Wolf Clan 26) Something hanging - Deer Clan 27) He spills out - Deer Clan 28) He was made to do it - Turtle Clan 29) He sticks it - Bear Clan 30) He sees them from afar - Deer Clan 31) He looks after them - Turtle Clan 32) On the other side of the marshes - Turtle Clan
CAYUGA Cayuga Nation has ten Chiefs:
33) He spots it quickly - Deer Clan 34) Coming of the arrow - 35) It's battered 36) He has a long intestine 37) It overlaps 38) It pierces the sky 39) It's cold on both sides 40) Something hollow, leading out to one end 41) He works his way in 42) The 10th one is missing
SENECA Seneca nation has eight chiefs:
43) Handsome Lake 44) Skies are level 45) He has a large forehead 46) Something to do with an arrow 47) He leans, but does not fall 48) Hangs on to it 49) It's tangled 50) The door is open
TUSCARORA Tuscarora Chief titles are not part of those defined by the Great Law, and the Tuscarora Nation is represented in the Grand Council by the Younger Brothers - the Oneida and Cayuga Nation chiefs.
However, there are Chieftainship titles for the Tuscarora Nation to use internally. The following titles were in use among the Tuscarora at Grand River at the beginning of this century.
1) Turtle Clan - "Climbing the Mountain People"
Sakwari'cra (Sacharissa) - "The spear trailer" Nihawenna'a - "His voice is small" Hotiokwawaken' - "He holds or grasps the multitude"
2) Bear Clan - "Broken Off Tail People"
Nakaien'ten - meaning unknown Utakwatena - "The bear cub" Ionentchanennaken - "It's forepaw pressed against it's breast"
3) Wolf Clan
Naiokawe'a - meaning unknown Neiotchak'don - "It is bent"
4) Snipe (Plover or Killdeer) Clan - "Clean Sand People"
Karondawa'ken - "One is holding the tree" Thanadak'hwa - meaning unknown
5) Beaver Clan - "People of the Stream"
Karihen'tia - "It goes along teaching" Nihnoka'wa - "He annoints the hide" Nakahenwa'chen - "Twenty canoes"